Detection and Analysis the Conversion in Land Use and Land Cover at Central Part of Euphrates River Basin, Iraq
Over last decades, Iraq country has suffered from water shortage in irrigation sector and others principle uses for the human life. The demand of Tigris and Euphrates rivers water have increased due to unusual variation in local activities and urbanization development which have a negative effect on water quality and aquatic ecosystem. This variability is link with several factors such as economic growth, climate change, hydrological cycle, runoff rate, water quantity and quality besides the change in river regime. However, the aim of this research is identified pattern of changes in land use and land cover (LULC) classes in Euphrates basin connection with the change of river formation and climate change over time scale. The process of detection and analysis was accomplished with real data and applied of Land sat data, Thematic Mapper (TM) and Land sat( 5) and (7) over period of time, based on satellite images as a reference to geo-registered high resolution to characterize the detect of change over time scale. The result showed that rapid urbanization, agricultural lands, barren areas and wetlands are change from one class to another. As result of effect of climate fluctuation and anthropogenic activity on ( LULC) change which result more alteration in environmental system and water resources .Also, a random growth in built-up lands occurred between (1985- 1999 ) and ( 1999 - 2019 ), while agriculture lands are decreased due to effect of drought and climate change besides un- supported authority the farmers during sequent wars. Thus, the work can provide a proper background for planning lands and management water resources by supply a database to policymakers who working in felicitous of management strategies for natural environment with temporal and spatial changes.